Gestión ambiental en el sector público de Costa Rica: indicadores de referencia para aspectos ambientales comunes

Marco Vinicio Chinchilla S

Abstract


Environmental management in the Costa Rican public sector: baseline indicators for common environmental aspects. Since 2011 the Costa Rican public sector has been mandated to develop environmental management programs for the reduction of negative environmental impacts (MINAE-S Executive Decree 36499). Some environmental aspects are common to most institutions: water, paper, electricity and fuel consumption, and generation of Greenhouse Gases (GHG). Here I present common environmental indicators to serve as a baseline to assess effectiveness in the sector over time. I analyzed consumption records delivered by the institutions to the Ministry of Environment and Energy. I found the following consumption indicators: a) 2,76m3 of water/employee/month; (b) 411,5 sheets/employee/month; (c) 206,78kWh/employee/month; (d) 8,03kWh/m2 month; (e) 20,29L of fuel per employee/month. For the generation of carbon dioxide equivalent, the following estimates were used: 17,04kg of CO2e/employee/month for electrical energy consumption; (b) 53,07kg of CO2e/employee/month for consumption of fuel by transport vehicles. No significant differences were found between the ministries and decentralized public institutional sector; with the exception of the consumption of electricity by area (Test t-student; t=-2,731; p=0,009), where the highest value was observed in the decentralized public institutional sector (11,06kWh/m2/month). This results represent the starting point for future studies to analyze the effectiveness of environmental management in the Costa Rican public sector.

Keywords


Environmental management, Costa Rican public sector, public institutions, institutional environmental management programs, MINAE Executive Decree No. 36499, environmental indicators.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22458/urj.v6i2.632

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