Hyper-intensive farming of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in a freshwater tank under semi-controlled conditions (Decapoda: Penaeidae)

A. A. Ortega Salas, L. A. Rendón M.


Developing shrimp to a commercial size in a confined freshwater space is important because it saves food and  because predators and diseases are avoided. Our study was conducted to calculate the growth of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei by hyper-intensive farming in fresh water from 0,5 to 5‰ and under semi-controlled conditions. We seeded at a density of 563 postlarvae/m3 or m2 during the first cycle and 400 postlarvae/m3 in the second cycle in an outdoor pond of 6m3 or m2 covered with a mesh. Aeration was constant, they were fed Daphnia magna during the first two weeks and then camaronina pellets containing 35% protein, in food baskets, as demanded. The temperature ranged from 22,3 to 31,3°C, pH between 7,5 and 8,7, the oxygen was 4,26±1,43mg/L; the ponds were cleaned of debris every other day, and water was changed according to a program. The food conversion factor (FCA) was 1:1,1. The shrimp were measured weekly to calculate growth using the Bertalanffy model. Survival in the first cycle was 88,1 and 95,8% for the second cycle. Population parameters by maximum likelihood method of the first cycle were k=0,0957, L∞ =146,98 and t0=-0,93; in the second cycle k=0,0172, L∞ =367,82 and t0=-4,60. The results indicate rapid growth during the first ten weeks. Biomass was obtained from 26kg for the first cycle and 16kg for the second cycle.


Growth, density, survival, biomass, semi-controlled conditions.

Full Text:



Alpuche J, Pereyra, A. & Agundis, C. (2005). Respuestas bioquímicas de camarones marinos a factores ambientales. Revista Electrónica de Veterinaria REDVET- ISSN, 6(5), 1695-7504.

Balbi, F., Rosas, J., Velásquez, A., Cabrera, T. & Maneiro, C. (2005). Aclimatación a baja salinidad de postlarvas de camarón marino Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) provenientes de dos criaderos comerciales. Rev. Biol. Mar. Ocean, 40(2),109-115.

Bassanesi-Poli, A.T. (1987). Análisis de un cultivo de camarón blanco (Penaeus vannamei, Boone) en estanques rústicos en San Blas, Nayarit, México. Tesis doctoral, UACP y P-CCH, UNAM, México.

Boyd, C.E. (1989). Water quality management and aeration in shrimp farming. Fisheries and Allied Aquacultures Departmental Series No. 2, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Alabama. USA.

Boyd, C. & Fast, A.W. (1992). Pond monitoring and management. In Marine shrimp culture: principles and practices. Developments in aquaculture and fisheries science, volume 23. The Netherlands: Els. Sc. Pub. B.V.

Boyd C., Thunjai, T. & Boonyaratpalin, M. (2002). Dissolved salts in water for inland low salinity shrimp culture. Glob. Aquac. Adv. 5(3), 40-45.

Bray W.A, Lawrence, A.L. & Leung Trujillo, J. (1994). The effect of salinity on growth and survival of Penaeus vannamei with observations on the interaction of IHHN virus and salinity. Aquac, 122(2-3), 133-146.

Garza-Bravo, F.J. (1998). Efectos de la temperatura y salinidad sobre el crecimiento consume de alimento y sobrevivencia de postlarvas de Litopenaues vannamei (Boone, 1931). Tesis de licenciatura. FACIMAR. UAS. Mazatlán, México.

Guillard, R.R.L. (1973). Methods for microflagellates and nannoplakton . In Handbook of phycological methods – culture methods and growth measurements. New York, USA: Cambridge Univ. Press.

Hartnoll, R.C. (1982). Growth. In The biology of Crustacea, Vol. 2, Embryology, morphology, and genetics. New York, USA: Academic Press.

Hilborn, R.R. & Mangel, M. (1997). The ecological detective. Confrontating models with data. USA: Priceton University Press.

Hopkins, J., Stephen, R.,Hamilton, D., Sandifer, P.A., Browdy, C.L. & Stokes, A.D. (1993). Effect of water exchange rate on production, water quality, effluent characteristics and nitrogen budgets of intensive shrimp ponds. Jour. Worl. Aquac- Soc, 24(3).

Limsuwan, C. (2005). Cultivo intensivo del camarón blanco. (Resumen de visitas y conferencias a camaroneras del Perú en Noviembre 2005). Octubre - Diciembre 2005.

Montealegre, J. (2001). Protocolo de larvicultura para Litopenaeus vannamei. Taller “Cultivo de camarones para inversionistas. Experiencia venezolana: 8Tm/ha”. Maracaibo, Venezuela, 8-9 Junio de 2001.

Newell, R.C. 1976. Adaptation to environment: essays on the physiology of marine animals. Universidad de California, USA: Butterworths.

Olguín-Pineda, M. (2006). Entrevista. In Industria Acuícola. Mayo, 2(4), 16-19.

Ortega-Salas, A., Castro, M.H. & Núñez-Pastén, A. (2005). Cultivo hiperintensivo de camarón blanco en estanques de agua dulce. Segundo Foro Internacional de Acuicultura. 1- de Diciembre. Expo Forum, Hermosillo, Sonora, México.

Ruíz-Fernández, A.C. (1995). Calidad de agua de cuatro granjas camaronícolas en el noroeste de México: Estudio comparativo de las características físicas, químicas y de contribución orgánica de aguas de ingreso y egreso. Tesis de Maestría. ICMyL-UNAM. Mazatlán, México.

Sainz-Carrion, L. & Urias-Cuadras, J.A. (2001). Determinación de las variables fisicoquímicas relacionadas con el crecimiento de Litopenaeus vannamei en un ciclo de cultivo semi-intensivo. Tesis de licenciatura. Biólogo acuicultor. FACIMAR. UAS. Mazatlán, México.

Tsai, C.K. (1990). Water quality management. In Proc. Southeast Asia Shrimp Farm Management Workshop, Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, 26 July–11 August 1989 American Soybean Association, Singapore.

Zarain-Herzberg, M. (2007). Jaulas flotantes: una alternativa de cultivo. Industria Acuícola, 2, 17-19.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22458/urj.v5i1.200


  • There are currently no refbacks.