The prevalence of Helminth parasites in the gastro-intestinal tract of wild African sharptooth catfish Clarias gariepinus (Siluriformes: Clariidae) in Gwagwalada, Nigeria

Ahmed S. Dan-kishiya, Angela Oboh, Usman B. Ibrahim

Abstract


ABSTRACT: A study on the gastro-intestinal helminth parasites of wild C. gariepinus was carried out in Gwagwalada Area Council of FCT, Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 110 samples were examined which includes 42 males and 68 females. Forty-eight (43,64%) fishes were infected with various species of helminth, which includes Wenyonia spp (28,18%), Procamallanus laevionchus (11,82%) and Euclinostomum heterostomum (3,64%). The female fish had the highest percentage prevalence (28,18%) while the males had 15,46% prevalence. Most of the parasites were recovered from the intestinal lumen. There was some degree of specificity in their distribution within the host but there was no significant difference (P>0,05) between the standard length, body weight, number of fish infected, prevalence and the intensity of infection.

KEY WORDS: Helminth parasites, Wild, C. gariepinus, Gastro-intestinal tract, Gwagwalada


RESUMEN: Estudio sobre helmintos parásitos gastro-intestinales de C. gariepinus silvestre en Gwagwalada, Consejo del Área de FCT, Abuja. Un total de 110 muestras examinadas incluyeron 42 machos y 68 hembras. Cuarenta y ocho (43,64%) peces se encontraban infectados con diversas especies de helmintos como Wenyonia spp (28,18%), Procamallanus laevionchus (11,82%) y Euclinostomum heterostomum (3,64%). Los peces hembra tenían el mayor porcentaje de prevalencia (28,18%), mientras que los machos tenían 15,46%. La mayoría de los parásitos se encontraron en el lumen intestinal. Hubo algún grado de especificidad en la distribución dentro del huésped, pero no hubo diferencia significativa (P> 0,05) entre la longitud estándar, el peso corporal, el número de peces infectados, la prevalencia y la intensidad de la infección.

PALABRAS CLAVE: Helmintos parásitos, silvestre, C. gariepinus, tracto gastrointestinal, Gwagwalada

References


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